Journal of Economic Theory just published one of my favourite papers.
This paper is the result of a wonderful collaboration with my coauthor Heinrich Nax, helpful input from many friends and colleagues, and extremely valuable comments by our reviewers. Thanks.
The paper is available for free here.
Title: A behavioral study of “noise” in coordination games
Abstract:‘Noise’ in this study, in the sense of evolutionary game theory, refers to deviations from prevailing behavioral rules. Analyzing data from a laboratory experiment on coordination in networks, we tested ‘what kind of noise’ is supported by behavioral evidence. This empirical analysis complements a growing theoretical literature on ‘how noise matters’ for equilibrium selection. We find that the vast majority of decisions (96%) constitute myopic best responses, but deviations continue to occur with probabilities that are sensitive to their costs, that is, less frequent when implying larger payoff losses relative to the myopic best response. In addition, deviation rates vary with patterns of realized payoffs that are related to trial-and-error behavior. While there is little evidence that deviations are clustered in time or space, there is evidence of individual heterogeneity.